About our region

Want to learn more about the place we call home? Find facts and figures about our environment, people, districts and economy.

More information about Northland's economy, infrastructure, people, culture and environment is also available in the About our region section of our Long Term Plan.

Our environment

Rich in culture and history, our region boasts a stunning natural environment north of our boundary line that stretches from south-east of Mangawhai across to the Kaipara Harbour and all the way up to New Zealand's northernmost tip, Cape Rēinga.

Northland has a sub-tropical climate, making us the warmest region in New Zealand.  Annual sunshine hours average about 2000 per annum, in many areas, and typical rainfall for the region is 1500 - 2000mm per annum.

Land area:                13,286 km2

Highest point:         Te Raupua - 781 metres above sea level

Coastline:                 3200 kilometres in length

Largest lake:            Lake Ōmāpere

Longest river:          Northern Wairoa River

Number of harbours: 10

Find out more about our natural resources:

Our people

Northland was originally home to some of our country's first human inhabitants.  Today, it is one of the fastest growing regions in New Zealand and home to nearly 189,000 people.

Estimated resident population:

Northland region

  • 188,700

By district

  • Far North: 68,500
  • Kaipara: 24,100
  • Whangārei: 96,000

Ethnic groups (includes people who may have selected more that one ethnic group), total people stated 179,076

  • European or Other ethnicity (including New Zealander): 133,095
  • Māori: 64,458
  • Pacific peoples: 7,542
  • Asian: 7,041
  • Middle Eastern/Latin American/African: 900

Source: Statistics New Zealand Census 2018 data

Find out more: www.stats.govt.nz

Our districts

Three diverse districts make up the region of Northland:

  • Far North
  • Kaipara
  • Whangārei

Go to our online map to see the regional council's boundaries in the Northland region

Open a larger version of the regional council's boundary map below in pdf format  (PDF, 312KB)

Northland Regional Council boundary map.


Find out more about each district from each district council's website:

Far North District Council

Kaipara District Council

Whangarei District Council

Our economy

Northland has a diverse economy with manufacturing as our largest industry followed by agriculture, forestry and fishing, then business and property services.

For more information about the Northland economy visit our Regional Economic Development Agency - Northland Inc's website.

Our climate and weather

Northland, with its northern location, low elevation and close proximity to the sea is characterised by a mild, humid, and rather windy climate.

For more information about Northland's climate and weather, read the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) report The Climate and Weather of Northland in our resource library.