Northland's climate, topography, historic vegetation and mixed geology have combined to form a complex pattern of soils across the region. There are more than 220 soil types in Northland, whereas other regions in New Zealand average only 20 soil types per region. Knowing your soils' capabilities and limitations is the key to sustainable production in Northland. Regular soil tests are recommended. Northland Regional Council land management advisors are also available to work with landowners to provide free soil conservation advice, plans and maps specific to your property.