Reducing effluent volumes results in:
- Reduced costs when applying effluent to land.
- Less risk of effluent being applied to land during unsuitable conditions.
Stormwater flowing into the effluent treatment system decreases its efficiency by:
- Reducing the retention time of effluent within the system – it flushes the effluent through.
- Lowering the pond's temperature; affecting the essential bacteria and algae that thrive at warmer temperatures.
- Flushing poorly treated effluent through the system into the receiving waters.
It is strongly recommended that all roof water is permanently diverted away from both the yard and effluent system. The addition of clean water is an unnecessary cost (financially and environmentally). In most cases, this extra volume can be easily – and cheaply – excluded from the system.
Drains or bunds can be used to divert stormwater from the surrounding land away from the effluent system.
The ability to divert stormwater from the yard is crucial, particularly in Northland where high intensity rainfall events are common. Stormwater diversions need to be simple and visual so they are routinely used and checked.
The diversion system must be sited before any gravel trap to prevent accidental effluent discharge to water.
Operation of stormwater diversion systems
It is essential to follow good management practice to avoid any accidental discharge of untreated effluent down the stormwater drain.
Signs, coloured boards or flags – that are visible from a distance – can be used to indicate the position of the diversion system.
The images below show an innovative way to signal effluent/stormwater mode.
Many methods are used to divert stormwater from the buildings and yards away from the treatment system, after the yard is cleaned.
Some examples are outlined below.
Sump and up-stand
A pipe up-stand is moved to channel stormwater to a drain, or effluent to the ponds. This image shows the diverter in stormwater mode.
"Y" with spade
The spade is moved to select either "stormwater" or "effluent" mode.
Solenoid-actuated diversion valves operate remotely from the dairy. As they are some distance away and below ground, a position indicator is advised. Regular checks must be made to ensure the diversion is working.
Feed pad diverter: the board is removed to channel effluent to the pond when the pad is in use.
Simple stormwater diversion system
- Can be seen and operated from the yard.
- Red flag indicates stormwater diversion mode.
- A green flag could also be used to indicate when effluent is going to the pond.
- A simple barrier such as a bungee cord across the pit entrance can be used as a reminder when the system is in diversion mode.
- Low cost.