Nga Whakamahere o Te Taiao - Iwi/Hapū Environmental Management Plans
An Iwi Management Plan is any planning document recognised by an Iwi Authority (the authority that represents an iwi and that is recognised by that iwi as having authority to do so).
Iwi Management Plans may be formal planning documents similar to council policy documents, or they may be a statement of iwi policies in a less formal and detailed memo or report. Plans maybe be developed by iwi, hapū or whānau and provide a statement on the position of the tangata whenua on a range of issues so that these can be heard and considered by councils and other stakeholders.
In some instances, iwi management plans may be written in a holistic manner and may go more broadly than Resource Management Act requirements and include social, economic and health issues. They could also be a statement on the iwi interests in relation to one resource such as fresh water or a particular site.
Iwi environmental management plans provide a vision of how the management and protection of natural and physical resource can be achieved based on cultural and spiritual values of tangata whenua. (Ministry for the Environment, Te Raranga A Mahi 2000).
Iwi environmental management plans provide a framework and guideline to build resource management strategies for the sustainable development of natural and physical resources. They are not a substitute for consultation and engagement.
There are a range of sections within the Resource Management Act (RMA) that provide for Māori interests. In relation to iwi management plans, regional councils and territorial authorities are required to "Take into account any relevant planning document recognised by an iwi authority and lodged with council" under sections 61(2A)(a), 66(2A)(a) and 74(2A) of the RMA (relevant to preparing or changing a Regional Policy Statement, Regional Plan or a District Plan).
Iwi management plans are useful tools for understanding the concerns of iwi that may relate to Resource Management Act and council planning. Those groups who benefit from iwi environmental Management plans include:
- tangata whenua, by providing a clear strategy and direction; and
- territorial local authorities, resource consent consultants and applicants in assisting them to understand background issues prior to carrying out consultation with iwi.
Specific benefits include:
- allowing tangata whenua to be proactive to consent applications or environmental problems that affect their area;
- allowing territorial local authorities, applicants and consultants to be proactive in determining what might potentially affect tangata whenua;
- setting out iwi kaupapa on environmental matters, allowing some consistency and education;
- often setting out how whānau, hapū and iwi wish to participate in environmental matters and the level of relationship desired with the council; and
- Stating expectations about how local authority agencies should exercise functions and responsibilities under the Resource Management Act 1991.
The following is a list of those iwi and hapū who have developed environmental management plans (recognised by an iwi authority) and formally lodged them with council.
As indicated, these are a precursor to engagement. If you wish to know more about these plans or to access a copy you should contact the entity directly.
Ngātiwai Trust Board
Te Iwi o Ngātiwai Iwi Environmental Policy Documents 2007
Ngātiwai Aquacultre Plan 2005
Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Rehia
Ngati Rehia Environmental Management Plan 2007 (updated 2015 yet to be formally lodged with council)
Patuharakeke Te Iwi Trust Board
Hapū Environmental Management Plan 2015
Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Hine
Ngā Tikanga mo te Taiao o Ngāti Hine 2008
Kororareka Marae Environmental Hapū Management Plan 2009
Te Uri o Hau Settlement Trust
Te Uri o Hau Kaitiakitanga O Te Taiao 2012
Whakatakoto Kaupapa Mo Te Hapū o Ngāti Kuta ki Te Rawhiti
Ngā Hapū o Te Wahapū o Te Hokianga Nui A Kupe
(Ngāti Korokoro, Ngāti Wharara, Te Poukā) Hapū Environmental Management Plan 2008
Te Rūnanga o Whaingaroa (Te U Kaipo RMU)
Kia Matau, kia mohia e ora ana Te U Kaipo 2011