Prickly moses
Fabaceae - Acacia verticillata

What does it look like?

Prickly moses is a short-lived (approximately 20-30 years) shrub-small tree.  Twigs are ribbed and sparsely to densely hairy.  Leaves reduced to flattened leaf stalks (phyllodes) up to 17 x 4mm, and spiked.  Flowers are pale yellow and solitary, but grouped on flower heads (inflorescences) that extend beyond the leaves during September-November.  Seeds are contained in pod (usually straight), and up to 100 x 4mm.

Preferred habitats include roadsides, waste places, scrub, margins of exotic plantation forests, coastal ecosystems.  It prefers sandy soils, wetland margins and damp areas.

Why is it a problem?

Prickly moses is a nitrogen-fixer, giving them the competitive advantage in poor soil conditions.  Spines on the branches of the tree help to discourage mammalian browsers such as possums. In general, their seeds are locally dispersed by gravity. There is however, also the potential for human-mediated seed dispersal in soil movement.  The species also has a long-lived seed bank, germinating well following soil disturbance or fire.

Control Methods

Physical control

  • Pull or dig small plants (all year round). Ensure minimum soil disturbance. Mulch.

Herbicide control

  • Cut trunk and paint stump (all year round): cut trunk near to the ground, and swab freshly cut stump with triclopyr 600g/L (50ml/L); or metsulfuron-methyl 600g/kg (5g/L).
  • Overall spray (spring-summer): triclopyr 600g/L (60ml/10L)+ penetrant.
  • Natural regeneration/shading out: This species can also be succeeded in tall canopy habitats by taller native species (not in kauri or tanekaha forest). Regeneration can be sped up by slashing, selective spraying or replanting of shade-creating species. Clear roads, quarries. Maintain pest and livestock control, as plant is not readily grazed.

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